IAF Grassroots Development Scholarship. The Inter-American Foundation (IAF) Fellowships support dissertation research in Latin America and the Caribbean undertaken by students who have advanced to PhD candidacy in a University in the United States. IAF’s Fellowships provide support for Ph.D. candidates to conduct dissertation research in Latin America and the Caribbean on topics related to grassroots development. Research must be initiated between June 1, 2022 and May 31, 2023.
Higher education in the United States is an optional stage of formal learning following secondary education. Higher education is also referred to as post-secondary education, third-stage, third-level, or tertiary education. It covers stages 5 to 8 on the International ISCED 2011 scale. It is delivered at 4,360 Title IV degree-granting institutions, known as colleges or universities. These may be public or private universities, research universities, liberal arts colleges, community colleges, or for-profit colleges. US higher education is loosely regulated by the government and by several third-party organizations. In 2021, US student loan debt amounts to more than $1.7 trillion. According to the National Centre for Education Statistics (NCES) and National Student Clearinghouse, college enrolment has declined every year since a peak in 2010–2011 and is projected to continue declining or be stagnant for the next two decades. The US is unique in its investment in highly competitive NCAA sports, particularly in American football and basketball, with. Religious denominations established early colleges in order to train ministers. Between 1636 and 1776, nine colleges were chartered in Colonial America; today, these institutions are known as the colonial colleges. According to historian John Thelin, most instructors at these institutions were lowly paid ‘tutors. As objects of the slavocracy, enslaved Africans and their descendants also served as free labour than a century and a half Protestants and Catholics opened over hundreds of small denominational colleges in the 19th century. In 1899 they enrolled 46 percent of all U.S. undergraduates. Many closed or merged but in 1905 there were over 500 in operation. Catholics opened several women’s colleges in the early 20th century. Schools were small, with a limited undergraduate curriculum based on the liberal arts. Students were drilled in Greek, Latin, geometry, ancient history, logic, ethics and rhetoric, with few discussions and no lab sessions. Originality and creativity were not prized, but exact repetition was rewarded. College presidents typically enforced strict discipline, and upperclassman enjoyed hazing freshman. Many students were younger than 17, and most colleges also operated a preparatory school. There were no organized sports, or Greek-letter fraternities, but literary societies were active. Tuition was low and scholarships were few. Many of their students were sons of clergymen; most planned professional careers as ministers, lawyers or teachers. The nation’s small colleges helped young men make the transition from rural farms to complex urban occupations. These schools promoted upward mobility by preparing ministers and providing towns with a core of community leaders. Elite colleges became increasingly exclusive and contributed little upward social mobility. By concentrating on ministers and the offspring of wealthy families, elite Eastern colleges such as Harvard, Columbia, and Princeton played a role in the formation of a North eastern elite. In some areas, public institutions of higher education were slow to take hold. For instance, although there was general support for expanding access to higher education through public institutions, private colleges and universities successfully hindered the establishment of a public university in Boston, Massachusetts until the 1860s. The competition between private and public institutions shaped the development of the mixed public-private character of higher education in the United States.
Worth of IAF Grassroots Development Scholarship
- Fellowship awards include a research allowance of up to $3,000;
- $1,500 monthly stipend for a period from between four to 12 months,
- International round trip transportation to the research site, health insurance and attendance at a mandatory mid-year conference.
Eligibility for IAF Grassroots Development Scholarship
- Ph.D. candidates who are currently enrolled at a U.S. university and are citizens of the United States or of an independent country in Latin America or the Caribbean, except Cuba, may apply.
- Before beginning research funded under the IAF Fellowship, students must have advanced to candidacy for a Ph.D. in the social sciences, physical sciences, technical fields or other disciplines as related to grassroots development issues in Latin America or the Caribbean.
How to apply for IAF Grassroots Development Scholarship
- Please check back at the official website in the fall for information about the new application.
- It is important to visit the official website (link found below) for detailed information on how to apply for this scholarship.
Deadline: 6 Jan 2023 (annual)
Official Website: Click Here